Amritsar is a city in the northwestern Indian state of Punjab, 28 kilometers from the border with Pakistan.
At the center of its walled old town, the gilded Golden Temple (Harmandir
Sahib) is the holiest gurdwara (religious complex) of the Sikh religion. It’s
at the end of a causeway, surrounded by the sacred Amrit Sarovar tank (lake),
where pilgrims bathe.
The Jallianwala Bagh massacre,
involving the killings of hundreds of Indian civilians on the orders of a
senior British military officer, Reginald Edward Harry Dyer, took place on
13 April 1919 in the heart of Amritsar, the holiest city of the Sikhs, on a day
sacred to them as the birth anniversary of the Khalsa (Vaisakhi day).
Amritsar has been chosen as
one of the heritage cities for HRIDAY - Heritage City Development and
Augmentation Yojana scheme of Government of India Amritsar is home
to Harmandir Sahib, popularly known as "the Golden Temple," one
of Sikhism's most spiritually significant and most-visited gurudwaras.
The city is also known for its wooden chessboards and chess pieces manufacturing