Varanasi is a city on the shores of holy river Ganges in Uttar Pradesh. The city is also known as Banaras and Kashi, which is being a popular religious place in India. Varanasi is among the seven holiest cities in Hinduism and Jainism. Apart from its divine value, Varanasi also boasts a commercial centre well-known for its muslin, silk fabrics, ivory works, sculptures, and perfumes. During the 8th century, Adi Shankara initiated the worship of Lord Shiva as an official faith of Varanasi. When Guru Nanak visited Varanasi for Maha Shivaratri in 1507, it was a path-breaking trip for him to found Sikhism. The major appeal of the modern Varanasi was constructed by the Maratha and Bhumihar Brahmin kings.
A large number of local residents work in the field of silk weaving, tourism, carpets, crafts, diesel locomotive works, and Bharat Heavy Electricals. The city is famous for blustering several ghats such as Dashashwamedh Ghat, Panchganga Ghat, Manikarnika Ghat, and the Harishchandra Ghat. Tourism is one of the prominent industries in Varanasi. While the local Indians visit for religious purposes, foreigners visit for ghats along River Ganges and Sarnath. The majestic Ramnagar Fort was constructed in the 18th century which is located near the eastern banks of the Ganges. The fort is elegant with carved balconies, open courtyards, spectacular pavilions, and resembling the Mughal style of architecture. Varanasi acts as the abode for many eminent Indian philosophers, Poets, Writers, and Musicians.
The highly impressive tourist spots in the land of Varanasi include Alamgir Mosque, Aghor Peeth, Ashoka Pillar, Bharat Kala Bhavan, Bharat Mata Mandir, Dhanvantari Temple, Durga Temple, Jantar Mantar, Kashi Vishwanath Temple, BHU Campus, Ramnagar Fort, and so on. Varanasi is a major hub for arts and designs. The products which demand intricate skills can be carpet weaving, wooden toys, ivory work, artistic brass and copperware, and a range of handicrafts. The city is also famous for its many colourful festivals.