Kumbhalgarh is a Mewar bulwark situated on the westerly range of Aravalli Hills. It is seated in the Rajsamand district near Udaipur, Rajasthan. Kumbhalgarh is renowned as a world heritage site embodied in the hill forts of Rajasthan. The fort was completed during the 15th century under the control of Rana Kumbha. The Kumbhalgarh fort was engaged prior to 19th century which is now made accessible to the public. The fort is splendidly illuminated for a few minutes in the evening. Kumbhalgarh is the most spectacular fort beside the Chittorgarh fort. Kumbhalgarh is considered as the largest fort complex in the world and the second largest fort after Chittor fort. The initial stages of fort construction are said to have been carried out by King Samprati of the Maura Age in the interim of 6th century.
The present structure of the fort was constructed by Rana Kumbha who was the Rana of Mewar at that time. He took the guidance from Madan, most proficient architect of the era to erect the Kumbhalgarh fort. Rana Kumbha’s empire of Mewar encompassed large areas of Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan where they gripped their dominance from Ranthambore to Gwalior. Kumbhalgarh is massive and most stupendous forts of all those built by Rana Kumbha. Kumbhalgarh also detached Mewar from Marwar and provided shelters to the rulers at the time of danger.
The fort is raised at an elevation of 1100 m above the sea level on the Aravalli range. The fort walls stretch over the length of 36 km, thus being one of the longest walls in the world. There are around 360 temples within the fort premise, 300 Jain and remaining Hindu temples. The sand ridge of the Thar desert is clearly visible from the fort. The Rajasthan Tourism Department conducts a three-day annual festival to glorify the Maharana Gumbha’s work in art and architecture. The colourful events in the festival include Heritage fort walk, turban tying, Mehendi, and so on.